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Our Family Genealogy Pages

Jean Etienne de Boré de Mauléon  Jean Etienne de Boré de Mauléon
Male 1741 - 1820

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Personal Information    |    Media    |    Notes    |    Sources    |    Event Map    |    All    |    PDF

  • Birth  27 Dec 1741  Kaskaskia, IL Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Gender  Male 
    Died  2 Feb 1820  New Orleans, Louisiana Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Buried  St. Louis Cemetery No. 1, New Orleans, Louisiana Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID  I1187  Stewart
    Last Modified  22 Dec 2010 
     
    Father  Louis Boré de Beaupre, Jr. 
    Mother  Celeste Therese Carriere de Mont Brun 
    Relationship  birth 
    Family ID  F734  Group Sheet
     
    Family  Jeanne Marguerite Marie Destrehan,   b. 23 Mar 1751, New Orleans, Louisiana Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 Sep 1814, New Orleans, Louisiana Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married  05 Nov 1771  St. Nicholas des Champs Church, Paris, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Children 
    >1. Jeanne Margurite Marie de Bore,   b. 26 Jul 1773, New Orleans, Louisiana Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Jul 1794, New Orleans, Louisiana Find all individuals with events at this location
    >2. Françoise Elizabeth de Boré,   b. 9 Jan 1775, New Orleans, Louisiana Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 Oct 1830, New Orleans, Louisiana Find all individuals with events at this location
    >3. Marie Elizabeth de Boré,   b. 17 Mar 1777, New Orleans, Louisiana Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Nov 1822, New Orleans, Louisiana Find all individuals with events at this location
     4. Marie de Bore de Mauleon,   b. 10 Jan 1783, New Orleans, Louisiana Find all individuals with events at this location
    Last Modified  23 Jul 2008 
    Family ID  F373  Group Sheet
     
  • Event Map
    Event
    Link to Google MapsBirth - 27 Dec 1741 - Kaskaskia, IL Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 05 Nov 1771 - St. Nicholas des Champs Church, Paris, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 2 Feb 1820 - New Orleans, Louisiana Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - St. Louis Cemetery No. 1, New Orleans, Louisiana Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Maps 
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend = Address   = Location   = City/Town   = County/Shire   = State/Province   = Country   = Not Set

  • Photos
    Etienne de Bore
    Etienne de Bore
    First mayor of New Orleans, 1803-1804
     
    Histories
    Bio for Etienne de Boré
    Bio for Etienne de Boré
    Taken from US Geneweb Archives.
     
  • Notes 
    • First mayor of New Orleans: Appointed 1803, resigned 1804.
    • First to discover the process of granulating sugar from sugar cane, thus creating the sugar industry.
      His sugar plantation was located on the site of the present Audubon Park in New Orleans.
    • Member of the King's Guard [1]
    • From the New Orleans Public Library Website

      Administrations of the Mayors of New Orleans
      Jean Etienne de Bore (1740-1820)

      Jean Etienne de Bore, the pioneer sugar manufacturer of Louisiana, was born at Kaskaskia, in the Illinois Territory of Louisiana, December 27, 1740, a descendant of an old Norman family; his father was Louis de Bore and his mother Therese Celeste Carriere de Mont Brun. His grandfather, Robert de Bore, was one of the councilors of Louis XIV. As was the custom in the colony, young Bore was sent to France to be educated, upon leaving school he became one of the King's Mousquetaires or guradsmen. No one could be a Mousquetaire who was not a member of nobility.
      In 1768 he returned to Louisiana. Finding no inducement to stay in the colony, which was no longer French, but Spanish, he returned to France in 1769 and was made a Captain of Calvalry.

      On September 20, 1771, in Paris, France, he married Marie Marguerite, a daughter of D'Estrehan des Tours, a nobleman who for many years was royal treasurer of Louisiana under the French domination. In 1776 Etienne de Bore sailed for America and came to Louisiana with his wife, who possessed much property through inheritance from her father. He settled on a plantation, which is now Audubon Park, about 6 miles above the City of New Orleans, where he devoted his time to the culture of indigo. This not being renumerative, in 1794, he turned his attention to the growing of sugar cane. In 1795 de Bore successfully granulated cane juice, over which there was great rejoicing, as it had previously been attempted without success, and sold his first supply of sugar for $12,000, an event which revolutionized the agriculture of the Delta.

      Etienne de Bore was the first man selected by Governor Claiborne to head our City Government, being the first Mayor of New Orleans under the Laussat regime. At this time he was fifty years of age. He served from 1803 to 1804; he resigned from office May 26, 1804, on the ground that his private affairs needed his attention. De Bore had on several occasions shown himself ill-disposed towards the Americans and gave Claiborne very little cooperation in bringing about and maintaining that tranquility to which Claiborne was bending every effort.

      The resignation of the first Mayor of New Orleans under American Administration may be scorned by those who place profit and money above all things, but will be admired by those who believe in devotion to principle and who appreciate his genuine sentiments.

      It would not be amiss to mention that, while Etienne de Bore was the first to granulate sugar, Valcour Aime, the princely planter and the philanthropist of St. James Parish, who owned the most magnificent sugar plantation of his time in Louisiana, was the first sugar refiner of the State. His plantation known as "Le Petit Versailles de la Louisiane," was famous for its hospitality, and here he welcomed friends and strangers continually. Valcour Aime was the benefactor of Jefferson College, having donated it to the Marist Fathers, a teaching order of the Catholic Church which was founded in the year 1816 at Lyons, France, and which, after many years of useful service, has ceased to exist.

      During de Bore's administration in 1804, the Bank of Louisiana was founded through the efforts of Governor Claiborne - a very urgent need because prior to that time trade was conducted with Spanish Paper Money, called "Liberanza" and silver coins from Mexico.

      It is not a well known fact that the home of Paul Morphy, famous chess player, was the site of the Bank of Louisiana, and that this historic landmark is today the epicurean rendezvous, known as the Patio Royal.

      This type of architecture became popular after 1765. Bricks were used in construction and the buildings consisted of one or two stories with great arched gateways leading into the carriage entrance, or "Porte cochere," which was paved with flagstones and opened at the other end upon cool and beautiful gardens. At that period New Orleans had a population of about 10,000, the majority of the white inhabitants being Creoles.

      Etienne de Bore lived twenty-four years after his great achievement and died on his plantation February 1, 1820 at the age of nearly eight years; he is buried in St. Louis Cemetery No. 1.

      He left $100,000 to each of his three daughters who had married B. F. Le Breton, Pierre Foucher and Mr. Gayarre, respectively, the latter being the father of the great historian, Charles Gayarre, of Louisiana.

    Name:
    • Jean Etienne de Bore de Mauleon
      Etienne de Bore
     
  • Sources 
    1. [S1] Legacy of Old Louisiana Destrehan and Harvey Families, Louise Destrehan Rogér D'Oliveira, et. al., (Louise D. R. D'Oliveira), 114.

  

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